Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor

651-690-6679

cgkrafft@stkate.edu

Caroline Krafft is an economist specializing in development economics, primarily labor, education, health, and inequality in the Middle East and North Africa. She collaborates with St. Kate’s students, international non-governmental organizations, and a global network of scholars in her research. Current projects include work on early childhood development, labor market dynamics, life course transitions, human capital accumulation, and fertility. Caroline teaches courses in economics and statistics, and serves as the program director for the Women and International Development major. She is particularly interested in how economics can help societies understand and address social issues, and is writing a textbook on that topic.

Personal Website

  • Development Economics
  • Policy Analysis
  • Middle East and North Africa
  • Labor Economics
  • Economics of Education
  • Health Economics
  • Early Childhood Development
  • Inequality

Ph.D., Applied Economics
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 2015

Master of Public Policy
Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 2011

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology/Anthropology and Classical Languages
Carleton College, Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa, 2007

Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award, Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota (2016)

Best Paper Award, Labor and Human Development Theme, Economic Research Forum Annual Conference (2014)

Lloyd B. Short Award for Best Individual Paper, Humphrey School of Public Affairs (2011)

Jernberg Public Service Fellow (2009–2011)

Walter H. Judd International Graduate Fellow (Summer 2010)

Research

Dr. Krafft has a number of ongoing research projects focused on development economics and policy analysis. Her work examines the intersection of public policies with labor, education, and health economics. She is particularly interested in policies’ impact on development in the Middle East and North Africa, a region with a number of political and economic challenges that limit the potential for growth and human development.

Grants

2015–2016. Economic Research Forum. Economics of Lifecourse Transitions in the Middle East and North Africa. $137,500 grant (with Ragui Assaad).

2014–2015. World Bank (Strategic Research Program). Poverty Reduction and Inequality of Opportunity in Early Childhood Development in Morocco. $140,000 grant (with Safaa El-Kogali and Touhami Abdelkhalek).

2014–2015. Economic Research Forum. Inequality of Opportunity in Income and Consumption in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia. $30,000 grant (with Ragui Assaad, Rana Hendy, John Roemer, and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani).

2014–2015. Economic Research Forum. Labor Market Dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa. $125,000 grant (with Ragui Assaad, Jackline Wahba, and Shaimaa Yassin).

Books

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft (Eds.). 2015. The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Safaa El-Kogali and Caroline Krafft. 2015. Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation: Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Articles

Krafft, Caroline, Elizabeth E. Davis and Kathryn Tout. 2015. “The Problem of Measurement Error in Self-Reported Receipt of Child-Care Subsidies: Evidence from Two States.” Social Service Review 89 (4): 686-726.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2015. “Is Free Basic Education in Egypt a Reality or a Myth?” International Journal of Educational Development 45: 16-30.

Caroline Krafft. 2015. “Increasing Educational Attainment in Egypt: The Impact of Early Childhood Care and Education.” Economics of Education Review 46: 127-143.

Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline S. Carlin, Caroline Krafft, and Kathryn Tout. 2014. “Time for a Change? Predictors of Child Care Changes by Low-income Families.” Journal of Children and Poverty 20(1): 21-45.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2013. “The Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey: Introducing the 2012 Round.” IZA Journal of Labor and Development 2(8): 1-30.

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, Nadia Belhaj Hassine, and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani. 2012. “Inequality of Opportunity in Child Health in the Arab World and Turkey.” Middle East Development Journal 4(2): 1-37.

Working Papers

Assaad, Ragui, Caroline Krafft, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, John Roemer. 2016. “Inequality of Opportunity in Income and Consumption: The Middle East and North Africa Region in Comparative Perspective.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 1003. Cairo, Egypt.

Assaad, Ragui, Caroline Krafft, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, John Roemer. 2016. “Inequality of Opportunity in Wages and Consumption in Egypt.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 1002. Cairo, Egypt.

El-Kogali, Safaa, Caroline Krafft, Touhami Abdelkhalek, Mohamed Benkassmi, Monica I. Chavez, Lucy K. Bassett, and Fouzia Ejjanoui. 2016. “The Impact of a Community Development and Poverty Reduction Program on Early Childhood Development in Morocco.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7671. Washington, DC.

El-Kogali, Safaa, Caroline Krafft, Touhami Abdelkhalek, Mohamed Benkassmi, Monica I. Chavez, Lucy K. Bassett, and Fouzia Ejjanoui. 2016. “Inequality of Opportunity in Early Childhood Development in Morocco over Time.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7670. Washington, DC.

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, and Shaimaa Yassin. 2016. “Comparing Retrospective and Panel Data Collection Methods to Assess Labor Market Dynamics.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 994. Cairo, Egypt.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2016. “Labor Market Dynamics and Youth Unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence from Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 993. Cairo, Egypt.

Caroline Krafft. 2016. “Understanding the Dynamics of Household Enterprises in Egypt: Birth, Death, Growth, and Transformation.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 983. Cairo, Egypt.

Caroline Krafft. 2015. “The Determinants of Child Health Disparities in Jordan.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 950. Cairo, Egypt.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2014. “Youth Transitions in Egypt: School, Work, and Family Formation in an Era of Changing Opportunities.” Silatech Working Paper 14-1.

Caroline Krafft and Safaa El-Kogali. 2014. “Inequalities in Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 856. Cairo, Egypt.

Paul Glewwe and Caroline Krafft. 2014. “Education Perspective Paper: Benefits and Costs of the Education Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda.” Copenhagen Consensus Center Post-2015 Consensus Series. Lowell, MA.

Ragui Assaad, Eslam Badawy, and Caroline Krafft. 2014. “Differences in Pedagogy, Accountability, and Perceptions of Quality by Type of Higher Education in Egypt and Jordan.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 828. Cairo, Egypt.

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani. 2014. “Does the Type of Higher Education Affect Labor Market Outcomes? A Comparison of Egypt and Jordan.” Economic Research Forum Working Paper Series No. 826. Cairo, Egypt.

Book Chapters

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad. 2016. “Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market for Higher Education Graduates in Egypt and Jordan.” In The Middle East Economies in Times of Transition. Ishac Diwan and Ahmed Galal (Eds.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2016. “Inequality of Opportunity in Human Development.” In The Middle East Economies in Times of Transition. Ishac Diwan and Ahmed Galal (Eds.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2015. “The Evolution of Labor Supply and Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy: 1988-2012.” In The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution. Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2015. “The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt: 1998-2012.” In The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution. Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2015. “An Empirical Analysis of the Economics of Marriage in Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia.” In The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Policies and Practices. Celestin Monga and Justin Yifu Lin (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft. 2015. “The Economics of Marriage in North Africa: A Unifying Theoretical Framework.” In The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Contexts and Concepts. Celestin Monga and Justin Yifu Lin (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Caroline Krafft, Asmaa Elbadawy and Ragui Assaad. 2013. “Access within the Higher Education System: Evidence for More Inequality of Opportunity.” In Is There Equality of Opportunity under Free Higher Education in Egypt? (Arabic). Asmaa Elbadawy (Ed.). New York: Population Council.

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad. 2013. “Conclusions.” In Is There Equality of Opportunity under Free Higher Education in Egypt? (Arabic). Asmaa Elbadawy (Ed.). New York: Population Council.

Report Chapters

Caroline Krafft. 2015. “Education.” In Panel Survey of Young People in Egypt 2014: Generating Evidence for Policies and Programs. Rania Roushdy and Maia Sieverding (Eds.). Cairo: Population Council.

Policy Briefs

Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline Krafft, Rebecca Madill, and Tamara Halle. 2015. “Continuity of Subsidy Participation and Stability of Care in the Child Care Subsidy Program in Maryland.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad. 2015. “Promoting Successful Transitions to Employment for Egyptian Youth.” Policy Perspective No. 15. Cairo, Egypt: Economic Research Forum.

Caroline Krafft, Elizabeth E. Davis, and Kathryn Tout. 2014. “Changes in Child Care Arrangements of Young Children in Maryland.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Caroline Krafft, Elizabeth E. Davis, and Nicole D. Forry. 2014. “Continuity of Child Care Subsidy Receipt: Why Definitions of Spells and Gaps Matter.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline Krafft, and Kathryn Tout. 2014. “Stability of Subsidy Participation and Continuity of Care in the Child Care Assistance Program in Minnesota.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline Krafft, Nicole Forry, and Kathryn Tout. 2014. “Implementation of 12-Month Child Care Subsidy Eligibility Redetermination: A Case Study from Maryland.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad. 2014. “Why the Unemployment Rate is a Misleading Indicator of Labor Market Health in Egypt.” Policy Perspective No. 14. Cairo, Egypt: Economic Research Forum.

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad. 2014. “Beware of the Echo: The Impending Return of Demographic Pressures in Egypt.” Policy Perspective No. 12. Cairo, Egypt: Economic Research Forum.

Caroline Krafft, Elizabeth E. Davis, Kathryn Tout, and Nicole Forry. 2013. “Changes in Child Care Arrangements in Minnesota.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline Krafft, Amy Blasberg, Caroline Carlin, Nicole Forry, Tabitha Isner and Kathryn Tout. 2013. “Minnesota Child Care Choices: Continuity of Care and Participation in the Child Care Assistance Program.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

Caroline Krafft. 2012. “Challenges Facing the Egyptian Education System: Access, Quality and Inequality.” Survey of Young People in Egypt Policy Brief Series No. 2. New York: Population Council.

Caroline Krafft. 2012. “Is Early Childhood Care and Education a Good Investment for Egypt?

Estimates of Educational Impacts, Costs, and Benefits.” Survey of Young People In Egypt Policy Brief Series No. 3. New York: Population Council.

Nicole Forry, Kate Welti, Elizabeth E. Davis, Caroline Krafft, and Paula Daneri. 2012. “Subsidy Continuity in Maryland.” Bethesda, MD: Child Trends.

“Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities” Economic Research Forum Annual Conference, Cairo, Egypt, March 20, 2016.

“The Evolution of Labor Supply and Unemployment in Tunisia” Economic Research Forum Workshop on Employment and Unemployment in Tunisia, Cairo, Egypt, March 18, 2016.

“The Impact of a Community Development and Poverty Reduction Program on Early Childhood Development in Morocco” Trade and Development Seminar, Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, February 5, 2016.

“The Impact of a Community Development and Poverty Reduction Program on Early Childhood Development in Morocco” Human Capital Research Collaborative, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, December 15, 2016.

“Labor Market Dynamics and Youth Unemployment.” Economic Research Forum Workshop on Labor Market Dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt, July 27, 2015.

“Understanding the Dynamics of Household Enterprises: Birth, Death, Growth, and Transformation.” Economic Research Forum Workshop on Labor Market Dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt, July 27, 2015.

“Comparing Retrospective and Panel Data Collection Methods to Assess Labor Market Dynamics.” Economic Research Forum Workshop on Labor Market Dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt, July 27, 2015.

“Inequality of Opportunity in Income and Consumption in the Middle East and North Africa.” Economic Research Forum Workshop on the Use of Labor Market Panel Surveys in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt, July 28, 2015.

“Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market for Higher Education Graduates in Jordan.” Population Association of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 30-May 2, 2015.

“Inequality in Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent findings from a multi-country/regional study.” World Bank, April 28, 2015.

“The Determinants of Child Health Disparities in Jordan.” Trade and Development Seminar, Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, April 3, 2015.

“Understanding the Dynamics of Household Enterprises in Egypt: Birth, Death, Growth and Transformation.” Midwest Economics Association Annual Conference, Minneapolis, MN, March 27-29, 2015.

“The Determinants of Child Health Disparities in Jordan.” Economic Research Forum Annual Conference, Tunis, Tunisia, March 20-22, 2015.

“Inequality of Opportunity in Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa.” Economic Research Forum Annual Conference, Tunis, Tunisia, March 20-22, 2015.

“Is School the Best Route to Skills? Returns to Vocational School and Vocational Skills in Egypt.” Trade and Development Seminar, Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, November 21, 2014.

“Instability and Quality in Subsidized and Non-Subsidized Child Care Arrangements.” Association of Public Policy Analysis and Management Annual Conference, Albuquerque, NM, November 6-8, 2014.

“Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market for Higher Education Graduates in Egypt and Jordan.” Economics of Inequality Conference, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics at Stockholm School of Economics, September 1-2, 2014.

“Youth Transitions in the Arab World: Family Formation.” Silatech Workshop on the Future of Arab Youth, London Middle East Institute, SOAS, University of London, June 24-25, 2014.

“Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market for Higher Education Graduates in Egypt and Jordan.” International Economic Association World Congress, Dead Sea, Jordan, June 6-10, 2014.

“Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities.” Population Association of America Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, May 1-3, 2014. (Poster)

“Inequalities in Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa.” Economic Research Forum Annual Conference, Cairo, Egypt, March 22-24, 2014.

“Who Receives Child Care Subsidies and Who Says They Do? A Cautionary Tale of Measurement Error in Self Reports of Public Assistance.” Minnesota Population Center Inequality and Methods Workshop, Minneapolis, MN, March 7, 2014.

“Differences in Pedagogy, Accountability, and Perceptions of Quality by Type of Higher Education in Egypt and Jordan.” Incentives for Better Quality Higher Education in Egypt and Jordan Workshop, Cairo, Egypt, December 12, 2013.

“The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt: 1998-2012.” The Egyptian Labor Market in a Revolutionary Era: Results from the 2012 Survey, Cairo, Egypt, December 7-8, 2013.

“Inequalities in Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa.” Minnesota Population Center Inequality and Methods Workshop, Minneapolis, MN, September 27, 2013.

“Inequalities in Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa.” Young Lives Conference on Inequalities in Children’s Outcomes in Developing Countries, Oxford, England, July 8-9, 2013.

“ECD 4 ABC: Early Childhood Development For a Better Chance.” Strategic Choices in Education Reform in Arab Countries, Kuwait, April 4, 2013.

“Is Early Childhood Care and Education A Good Investment for Egypt? Estimates of Educational Impacts, Costs, and Benefits.” World Bank, May 31, 2012.